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Cholesterol-fat illnesses


Fat metabolism disturbances


Fat is essential beside egg white and sugar for the life. They have twice as much energy (9 kcal. per gramme) as an egg white or sugar. During the fasting periods the human and animal organism can live on the fat depots in which, nevertheless, also eliminated materials and environmental poisons are not stored. In the depots above all neutral fat (Triglyceride) is found. Cholesterol has many functions in the body and is produced in the liver or is taken up about the food. If the cholesterol salary of the blood is raised, nevertheless, permanently, this can lead to an arteriosclerosis.


DHL and LDL cholesterol


One distinguishes HDL-and LDL cholesterol. Cholesterol can be only taken up by the blood and be advanced if it is bound to Lipoproteine (fat protein). The most important ones are the Lipoproteine of low density, the LDL (low density lipoproteins), and the Lioproteine of high density, the HDL (high density lipoproteins). Very much simplisticly one can say: - LDL cholesterol promotes the arterioscleroses. - HDL cholesterol can release the blood from too much LDL cholesterol. With stress LDL cholesterol is formed particularly increasingly which easily deposits in the vascular wall and shows a risk for the origin of the Arteriolosklerose (Gefäßwandverhärtung). Further fat has an important function in the cell membrane. They are responsible for the fact that only certain substances can pass the cell membrane. Moreover belong above all Phospholipide like the Lecithin (food material of the brain). Too low fat values in the blood are found with unterfood and with liver failure. To high fat values are innate only to 10% and to 90% by Überernährung and stress of every kind are caused and a disposition plays to raised fat values with a role. Illnesses like age diabetes, overweight, pancreatic illness, bilious river disturbances (gallstones), liver illnesses, Schilddrüsenunterfunktion, Dauercortisontherapie, alcohol abuse walk along with a rise of the blood lipid concentration. Also high blood pressure and smoking influence the blood lipid concentration. Risk factors are: Smoking, high blood pressure, heart vessel illnesses in the family, diabetes mellitus (diabetes), adipositas Permagna (obesity). Particularly affected from too high cholesterol values men are more than 45 years and women in the menopause (menopause).


Therapy


Drugs to the lowering of the cholesterol and fatty acid values.

DiätischeTherapie:Das fat should not cross 30% him all together taken up food calories (15% = 1/8 food). The taken up fat amount exists from: 15 g have to do prank fat for the sandwich topping, to the cooking fat and cooking fat, the oil for salads and raw vegetarian food, to the so-called concealed fat in the food (also by use of quite thin food - 20 g of fat are calculated).
According to fat metabolism disturbances the following diet directives are recommendable: Isolated Hypercholesterinämie (LDL raised): a low-cholesterol food less than 300 mg of cholesterol per day. Reduction of food fat, unsaturated fatty acids. No calorie profit, roughage. Mixed Hyperlipidämie (cholesterol and Triglyceride raised) and isolated Hypertriglyceridämie: no quickly absorbable coal hydrates, reduction of food fat and unsaturated fatty acid. If necessary reduction food, e.g., 1000 kcal. per day low-fat.
In general roughage and complicated coal hydrates, e.g., oat bran (cholesterol is eliminated with the clover). Dosage: 50 g per day (Niacin 1Tabl. per day). No quickly absorbable coal hydrates and no alcohol.


Physical load

Blood lipids and whole cholesterol are lowered by physical load (dynamic and not isometrische). HDL - cholesterol value is raised. Cold and weight decrease also raise HDL - cholesterol, so movement is to be preferred in chill fresh air (with compatibility).


Training programme (at home and in the group) daily 10-15 minutes. 50% - 70% of the maximum circulatory efficiency, Herzgefäßerkrankungstrainingsgruppe 2 x 45 minutes in the week with maximum 125 watts.


Are suited:


Walking training
(with circulatory problems up to 2/3 of the painless distance).


Endurance run (jogging)
only if walking is trouble-free.


Fahrradergometrietraining

 


Ride a bike outside

Swimming, cross-country


Favorable substances


with cholesterol favorable substances with cholesterol: Vitamin C, vitamin E, folic acid, omega fat, ATE, magnesium

 

 

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